Founded in 1956, China National Theatre for Children (CNTC) is the only national children's art troupe directly subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China. The first president of CNTC was Ren Hong, the current President of CNTC is Yin Xiaodong.

CNTC has borne the responsibility of inheriting, developing, creating and presenting excellent theatrical performances for the youth, played an important role of representing, demonstrating and guiding in national children's drama. For more than half a century, CNTC has dedicated numerous classic and diverse dramas for the audience and cultivated a large number of distinguished and outstanding artists and performers for children's drama, many of whom are winners of various prestigious art awards in China.

Major works created by CNTC early years included Malan Flower, Family of Revolutionaries, The Young Guards, In the Name of Revolution, Yue Yun, The Magic Boat, The Newsboy, Here is the Yard, Twelve Months, Pavel Korchagin, Twinkling Stars, Zhi Yazi, Goddess Patching the Sky-hole, The Moonlight Lullaby, etc. . The productions created in recent years are: The Little Tadpole Looks for its Mummy, The Dragon Child, Journey to the West, Pippi Long Stocking, The Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Little Tin Kid, Little Jeep, Three Little Pigs, Little Truck, Special Homework, Aesop's Fables, Little Prince, The Frog Prince, The little match girl, Adventure of Little Cloth, Chinese Story in pocket, Three Monks, Peter Pan, Chinese Idiom Stories, TR-E-E, The Mermaid in East China Sea, The Red Tassel, The King in Moominvalley, Time Forest, A Little Princess, King Lear, Goat Does not Eat Paradise Grass, Fairy of the Flower, etc.

China National Theatre for Children is the only state level theatre for children, which was named and inscribed by Comrade Soong Ching-ling. In 2005, on its fourth floor, a special small theatre called “Holiday Classic Theatre” was opened. The two various sized theatres are cross-echoed with classic children dramas presented to the audience every week. CNTC has already been the Art Palace of modern China children’s drama.

An excellent Drama may have direct influence on the children’s life. CNTC will stick to the art principle; devote to developing more talents, producing new excellent dramas to achieve its goal that all for children. “All for Children” is the persistent pursuit of CNTC.

The current President of CNTC is Mr. Yin Xiaodong; Mr. Lei Xining works as Secretary of the Party Committee; the Vice Presidents are including Ms. Feng Li, Mr. Shan Zenghong, Mr. Yang Fan and Ms. Zhao Hanbing.